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Aromatic plants: how to take care of them

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Aromatic plants they are present on many people's balconies because using them in the kitchen is a great way to flavor the dishes. However, it is not always easy to make them last over time. To prevent them from drying out, turning yellow and eventually dying, it is essential take care of it properly.

Basic rules for caring for aromatic plants

One of the most recurring doubts when preparing to take care of a plant is how much it should be watered. As regards the aromatic ones, with the exception of the hottest months and therefore July and August, the right cadence is a couple of times a week, at dusk or dawn. This rule is quite universal and applies to most aromatic plants, with the exception of basil and a few others which have specific and slightly different rules.

Also pay attention to groundwhich it must be drained but not soggy because the roots, being thin, if watered too much risk rotting and consequently causing the plant to die. To understand if you are exaggerating with water, simply observe how they look the leaves: if they tend to turn yellow or soften, it is better to reduce watering.

Very helpful also plant several plants in the same pot because each of them releases nutrients that can nourish their neighbors and thus generate an exchange of benefits. Even in this case, however, it is better to isolate the basil, as well as the mint, which tend to prevail over the others.

How to care for basil

As already mentioned, basil is one of the aromatic plants that requires the most attentionbut that doesn't mean it's difficult to deal with.

Although we often think only of its most common green version, in reality there are different types: purple, white, Sicilian, sweet, lemon-scented and others.

The classic one is one annual plant like parsley, it peaks between April and October and dies at the end of the season. First of all, if you want to extend the life of the seedlings it is important remove the flowers immediately when they appear because by doing so you delay flowering and postpone the moment of their death.

This little plant it loves sun but not too much and must be watered quite often, even every day in the warmer months. Unlike other aromatic varieties, limp leaves in this case are an unmistakable sign of dehydration.

To ensure that he does not suffer and survives until the time of his natural death is also important collect it correctly. It is better not to tear the leaves randomly and without delicacy but to trim them, that is, take them from the stalk and detach them proceeding from top to bottom. In this way the plant will not suffer trauma and a new leaf will grow again in place of the detached one.

How to care for sage

Sage has a particular shape of leaves and to survive it must be placed in a well-ventilated place and planted in well-drained and never too humid soil.

Otherwise, some white patches called mycosis may appear. The presence of other plants in the same pot such as rosemary or thyme can help sage stay healthy.

How to care for rosemary

Rosemary is a perennial plant and, like all Provençal aromatic plants, it is quite resistant and does not require special care, to the point that even if forgotten in the sun for some time it has a good chance of getting through. This power is given by the thin leaves which retain water better and for longer than the extended ones.

Furthermore, if you plant it together with other plants it protects them from direct sun and releases some vital nutrients.

However, despite being more autonomous than other aromatic varieties, rosemary also needs some extra attention to stay healthy. For example, it must be repotted quite often and to realize when it is time to do so, simply observe it: if it is no longer growing in height, it is time to intervene.

Also pay attention to the white dots, if they appear on the leaves it means that it has been watered too much.

How to care for thyme and marjoram

Thyme and marjoram, having leaves very similar to those of rosemary, like it they live quite well even in full sun and can be planted in the same pot.

In addition to this, their composition, rich in essential oils, also makes it very difficult for them to dry out. However, you need to water them every now and then, and to be precise about twice a week, three in the hottest periods.

How to care for mint

As with basil, to properly care for mint it is necessary to follow some specific rules.

The Mint it has roots that develop in a horizontal direction and for this reason it is better not to plant it together with other plants, to avoid disturbing each other's roots. Even in this case it is better not to overdo it with water or sun.

An excellent plant if you have a large garden is Paulownia.

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