A place where you need to follow for what happening in world cup

Bitter foods


Bitter taste and foods

I bitter foods they are foods which – containing one or more bittering factors, in variable concentrations – are clearly perceived on the palate as bitter. The sensory organ responsible for capturing the bitter taste (not processing it, which is the responsibility of the brain) is the tongue, in particular the posterior area. Use: tastes are not perceived by the olfactory system, which is instead responsible for interpreting even very complex flavours.

Only a few years ago has we begun to understand the role of the bitter taste and the molecules involved, which appear to perform specific nutritional and digestive functions.

Which ones are they

What are bitter foods?

Bitter foods are predominantly vegetal, but not only; the animal kingdom also offers various products characterized by a bitter taste. Let's proceed in order.

Bitter foods of plant origin

  • Vegetables or greens: Cichorium (Chicory genus), including white chicory, red chicory, cutting chicory, ribbed chicory, wild chicory, endive and Belgian witloof; rocket, some Brassica (cabbage genus), artichoke leaves, dandelion etc.
  • Sweet fruit: juice and zest (especially the albedo, i.e. the white part) of grapefruits (yellow and pink), juice and zest of bergamot, juice and zest of bitter orange, juice and zest of chinotto, zest of all other citrus fruits (lemon, oranges, limes, mandarins, tangerines etc.).
  • Starchy seeds: cereals such as millet and sorghum, and pseudocereals such as amaranth.
  • Aromatic herbs and spices: cloves, mugwort, thyme, marjoram, lovage, rosemary, tarragon, bay leaves and berries, juniper berries, myrtle berries, sorrel, sage, rue, liquorice, bitter fennel, water clover , hyssop, tea, anise etc
  • Most frequently used extracts: cinchona (tree plant of the Andes), bitter orange, artichoke, gentian, centaury, quassio, holy thistle, cascarilla, hops, ginger, wormwood (artemisia) and peels of other citrus fruits.
  • Others: black coffee, herbal infusions and extracts already mentioned, cocoa etc.

Bitter foods of animal origin

  • Offal of terrestrial animals: in particular the liver and kidneys. They are perfectly edible
  • Offal of aquatic animals: especially the liver. That of fish is eaten in a similar way to that of terrestrial and avian creatures. Fresh cuttlefish, on the other hand, is mainly consumed as a spread or accompanying sauce (in Italy it is little appreciated)
  • Derivatives: the most striking example is fermented cuttlefish liver sauce (an oriental product not widespread in the West)
  • Cheeses and some fermented soy products: the best known are undoubtedly blue or molded cheeses such as, for example, gorgonzola and brie.

Other products with a particularly bitter taste include certain medications and supplements. In particular, referring to free amino acids and methylxanthines, they have a very bitter taste (in decreasing order): L-Tryptophan (its bitterness is about half that of caffeine), L-Phenylalanine, L Tyrosine, L-Leucine, creatine, carnitine, caffeine, theobromine etc.

Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.