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Khorasan wheat: what it is and benefits

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What is Khorasan Wheat?

The wheat Khorasan it is a type of durum wheat which belongs to the botanical species Turgid wheat ssp. Turanic, commonly known as Kamut (which is actually the name of the brand that started marketing it). It is part of the so-called Ancient Grains, as the plant has never undergone any type of genetic intervention by man, and preserves its original characteristics. This grain with notable beneficial properties was already known and cultivated by ancient Egyptianseven if the provenance of this cereal is of origin Middle Eastern. Khorasan wheat, in fact takes its name from the ancient Persian region of Khorasan,

Il stem It exceeds one and a half meters in height and can reach 2 meters. There ear it is up to 15 cm long. The bean, instead, it has a slightly curved shape and is approximately double in size compared to traditional wheat. The color is darker and amber.

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Did you know that Kamut…

Did you know that Khorasan wheat is the best known Hand? A grain with notable nutritional properties, they are in fact the same thing. “Kamut” in fact does not refer to a variety of wheat, but to an American brand (International Kamut) that has started to market kamut flour, Kamut pasta, as if “Kamut” were indeed a specific variety of wheat. It is also cultivated in Italy, in Tuscany, Puglia, Abruzzo in all regions. Until the 1980s it was a poorly known cereal in Italy. Its spread is linked to the increase in the onset of food intolerances caused by food processing and the increasingly frequent modification of raw materials by man.

Properties of Khorasan Wheat

Khorasan wheat has a high energy and caloric value, therefore it is recommended for all people who practice sports, growing children and elderly people. The calories provided by 100 grams of Kamut wheat are greater than those provided by 100 grams of common wheat. Consisting mainly of carbohydrates (about 70%)boasts a good dose of proteins (15%) and has a considerable amount of minerals and vitamins. Khorasan wheat is more caloric and are equal to 340 per 100 g circa.

It is particularly rich in selenium, magnesium, zinc, vitamin E, lipids and fatty acids. Like any other cereal, if it has not been subjected to particular improvement processes, it does not have a high gluten content, therefore it is easily digestible even by people who suffer from mild intolerances. Khorasan wheat, as well as all derivatives, however, is not suitable for consumption by people suffering from celiac disease.

Compared to traditional wheat, Khorasan wheat has a glycemic index reduced by about half, equal to approximately 45, very similar to that of quinoa. However, it is necessary to underline that those suffering from diabetes, overweight or other metabolic disorders must moderate their consumption. Rich in trace elements and amino acids, it becomes a highly nutritious food for those who have very intense physical and/or working activity. Compared to wheat and wheat, Khorasan wheat is more digestible and therefore more suitable for those with digestive problems. For the same reason it is indicated for those who suffer from post-prandial heaviness, bloating, gastric reflux, and intolerance towards refined cereals.

Khorasan Wheat: Benefits

Khorasan wheat has several beneficial properties, including:

  • Antioxidant properties. The contents of selenium, phenols and carotenoids helps to counteract the harmful action of free radicals by protecting the body from oxidative stress.
  • Cardiovascular protection. Carotenoids and phenols, combined with vitamin E, help protect blood vessels from free radical damage.
  • Protein: it is a highly energetic cereal rich in proteins.
  • Digestible: Compared to classic wheat, Khorasan wheat is much lighter and more digestible
  • Strengthens teeth and bone tissue
  • Supports the functioning of the nervous system. The vitamin B3also called niacin, plays a primary role in the functioning of our nervous system.
  • Promotes intestinal transit. Khorasan wheat is rich in fibre and for this reason it is an excellent food to take in case of sluggish intestines, particularly in its wholemeal version.
  • Anti cholesterol. Khorasan wheat is cholesterol-free and helps combat “bad” cholesterol (LDL).

Uses in the kitchen

It is now easier to find products with the name “Kamut” on the market, compared to the flour, or derivative products, of Italian Khorasan wheat. This particular grain is used for the production of pasta, with a rustic flavour, almost of dried fruit, and flour, which has more protein than soft wheat flour, and has a high satiating power with which to knead. bread, pizza, focaccia, piadina, biscuits and cakes. It can be used in grains, like the other most common cereals such as spelled or barley, and therefore with vegetables, in salads or in addition to soups of vegetables or legumes.

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