Weight loss is not affected by age


Weight loss and age

It is common thought that losing weight is more difficult as age advances, due to contributing factors that often have to do with the onset of pathologies and unsuitable lifestyles. A new study has overturned this thesis. The research offers encouragement to the elderly population that, through maintaining a healthy weight, they can contribute to their health.

In a program to combat obesity conducted by Warwick Medical School, in the UK, weight loss was not affected by age, with statistically equivalent results for people aged under 60. The study demonstrated how weight loss is a determining factor at any age but how, as we age, we are more likely to develop comorbidities related to obesity.

Many of these are similar to the effects of aging, so it could be argued that the importance of weight loss increases as we age, but not that it is difficult to achieve. The authors of the English study highlighted how weight loss can help older people cope with more 50 common comorbidities with age, including diabetes, arthrosis and mood disorders, such as anxiety and depression. Increased mortality and a general lack of well-being in older adults are also associated with obesity.

The study: correlation between weight and advancing age

The team of researchers analyzed the medical records of 242 randomly selected people who had participated in the obesity service offered by the WISDEM (Warwickshire Institute for the Study of Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolism) program between 2005 and 2016.

The researchers divided the sample into two groups: people under 60 and people between the ages of 60 and 78. All participants had amorbid obesity at the beginning, with BMI measurements above 40. The analysis compared the results of weight loss in the two groups, supported by changes in your eating planexercise and psychological support and motivational. The results: Weight loss in both groups was statistically equivalent. People in the older group lost an average of 7.3 percent of their body weight, while those in the under-60 group lost 6.9 percent.

Drugs and weight gain

Some medications can interfere with weight loss, even leading to weight gain in some cases.

Losing weight and getting older: the rules

Diet

When a person consumes more calories than they use as energy, the body stores the excess calories as fat. This can lead to excess weight and obesity.

Foods that increase the risk of weight gain include:

Physical activity

Many people lead a much more sedentary lifestyle than their parents and grandparents.

Examples of sedentary habits include:

  • working in an office rather than doing manual labor
  • watching TV on the sofa instead of doing physical activities outdoors
  • go places by car instead of walking or cycling

The less a person moves, the fewer calories he burns. Furthermore, physical activity affects the functioning of the hormones, which in turn determine how the body metabolizes food. Moving can, for example, help keep blood levels stable insulin which, if out of balance, can lead to weight gain.

It is not necessary to attend courses in lecture: it will be enough to dedicate 40 minutes a day to physical activity, such as walking or cycling. However, the type and intensity of the activity can influence the degree of benefit to the body in the short and long term.

Sleep

Lack of sleep and disorders that lead to lack of rest increase the risk of gaining weight and developing obesity. Sleep deprivation can lead to obesity because it contributes to hormonal changes which increase appetite. When a person does not get enough sleep, the body produces ghrelin, a hormone that stimulates appetite. At the same time, lack of sleep also results in less production of leptina hormone that reduces it.


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